After the end of the Second World War in 1945 and the re-establishment of the Republic of Austria, the structure of the courts as in force on 13 March 1938 was re-established, with Dr. Guido Strobele-Wangendorf being appointed the first President of the re-established Supreme Court.
On 1 January 1969, the Federal Act on the Supreme Court of Justice dated June 19, 1968 came into effect. It continues to form the legal basis for the organisation of the Supreme Court today.
The Court has subsequently been confronted with an ever-increasing burden of pending litigation (appeals (Revision) and recourse appeals against court orders in civil matters (Revisionsrekurs)), and as a result, a number of attempts have made to limit this load by means of legislative measures (increase in the amount in controversy limits; premising the right of appeal on the existence of what is known as a “fundamental question of law”), but this has only been partially successful.
At present (as of 2013), the Court has a total of 17 panels, 10 for civil matters, 6 for criminal matters and 1 as superior court for competition law cases. The Supreme Court currently consists of 58 members, 1 President, 2 Vice-Presidents (both are women), 13 Panel Presidents and 42 Supreme Court justices (Hofräte) (fourteen of whom are women).